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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78871 Find in a Library
Title: Study of the Cost and Benefits of the Washington County Restitution Center
Author(s): R A Jones; C Goff
Corporate Author: Oregon Law Enforcement Council
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Oregon Law Enforcement Council
Salem, OR 97303
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 76-ED-10-0003; 76-ED-10-0004
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Findings are reported from a study of the costs and benefits of the Washington County Restitution Center (Oregon).
Abstract: The restitution center was designed to provide an alternative to jail for jobless, nonviolent offenders, which would require them to secure a job and contribute a portion of their income for room and board at the center and payment of restitution, fees, and fines. Residents are required to agree to obtain and maintain employment, enter into a restitution contract, and develop a monthly financial plan. Residents progress through a nine-step program, with progress being measured by weekly evaluations. Over the operational period of the LEAA grant, the center had an average resident population of six, and the average daily expenditure per resident was $35.43 (1978). Adjusting this expenditure by the average amount of room and board paid by residents reduced the amount to $32.27 per resident each day. Incarceration in the county jail cost $18.76 per prisoner per day for fiscal year 1976-1977. Adjusting for facility costs by adding a prorated amount for new jail construction results in the center costing about $10 a day more per resident. Had the center maintained an average resident population near 10, the jail and the center would have been cost competitive. The center residents contributed an average of about $10 each day to the economic flow of the community through restitution, fees, fines, savings, allowances, and expenses. Inasmuch as none of the center's residents were arrested for any new crimes, the program could be considered successful, especially as an alternative to jail; however, 15 of 36 residents admitted to the center were returned to jail, with most of the revocations being for violations of the center rules. More of the residents with the lesser amounts of financial restitution completed the program than those with the higher amounts. Eight other variables associated with the residents were analyzed for their relationship with program success, and none were found to be statistically significant. Tabular data are provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Cost/Benefit Analysis; Oregon; Restitution centers; Restitution programs
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