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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 80810 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Preventing Delinquency
Author(s): J G Weis; J D Hawkins
Corporate Author: University of Washington
JD 45 National Ctr for the Assessment of Delinquent Behavior and Its
United States of Americ
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 55
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
University of Washington
Seattle, WA 98195
US Securities and Exchange Cmssn
Washington, DC 20549-2736
Grant Number: 77-JN-99-0017
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report examines the incidence of juvenile delinquency and presents a history of juvenile delinquency prevention efforts, with a focus on various theories regarding the causes of delinquency. An experimental test of a comprehensive prevention model is developed and a research design offered for evaluating selected juvenile delinquency prevention programs.
Abstract: The report notes that juvenile delinquency is a major social problem with burdensome economic costs. Over 40 percent of arrests for the seven major Index crimes are of youths under 18 years of age. Shifts in juvenile justice philosophy over the years and the goals of prevention are described. Using research findings by the National Center for the Assessment of Delinquent Behavior, the report illustrates a general model of delinquency which integrates control and cultural deviance theories and includes the following general prevention strategies: (1) role development and power enhancement, (2) social network development, (5) education/skill development, (4) clarity and consistency of social expectations, (4) criminal influence reduction, and (6) deterrence. The report describes a project which could be designed to study both individual and combined interventions, ordered according to the institution targeted (i.e., the family, school, peers, work setting, and community). Finally, the report suggests a research design for the evaluation of those delinquency prevention programs that include elements of the interventions outlined in the report. Over 100 references are appended and diagrams are included.
Index Term(s): Deviance; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Models; Research and development; Social control theory; Social Learning; Sutherland's theory
Note: Reports of the National Juvenile Justice Assessment Centers
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