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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 81621 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Governmental Responses to Crime - Executive Summary
Author(s): H Jacob; R L Lineberry
Corporate Author: Northwestern University
Ctr for Urban Affairs & Policy Research
United States of America
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 64
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Northwestern University
Evanston, IL 60201
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0096
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS Publication Sales
Box 6000 Department F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report, based primarily on data from 10 U.S. cities, summarizes the findings of the Governmental Responses to Crime Project's investigation of crime control measures adopted by municipal governments during the period 1948-78.
Abstract: Data on crime problems, governmental and citizen awareness of crime, and changes in laws and ordinances were collected from Atlanta, Boston, Houston, Indianapolis, Minneapolis, Newark, Oakland (Calif.), Philadelphia, Phoenix, and San Jose (Calif.). These cities represent a broad spectrum of geographical locations, growth patterns, political structures, and other features of urban life. The Project concluded that rising crime rates were a national rather than a local phenomenon and that crime became the major item on urban political agendas during the 1970's. Local governments increased criminal justice agency budgets and personnel, but were unable to convert these additional resources into effective crime-fighting activities. Although crime rates rose more rapidly than police resources, court resources kept ahead of rising arrest rates. Cities rarely amended criminal ordinances, but when they did, the effect was to criminalize more behavior and increase potential penalties. State legislatures played an increasingly active role in defining offenses and penalties and reducing sentencing discretion. Efforts to collect information about crime and criminal justice policies must be substantially improved at the local level before the impact of crime controls can be properly evaluated. Tables, graphs, and 19 references are included.
Index Term(s): Crime Control Programs; Crime rate studies; Law reform; Local government; Police resource allocation; Urban area studies
Note: Governmental Responses to Crime Project
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