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NCJ Number: 82066 Find in a Library
Title: Crime Prevention and the Physical Environment (From Reactions to Crime, P 87-101, 1981, Dan A Lewis, ed. - See NCJ-82062)
Author(s): F Heinzelmann
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Research is reviewed to determine how the proper design and effective use of the physical environment of buildings, residential blocks, and neighborhoods can help to prevent crime and reduce fear of crime.
Abstract: Research on crime and the physical environment supports the hypothesis that the proper design and effective use of the physical environment can help to reduce crime and fear in various settings. Design features such as better locks, doors, and windows; the control of access to buildings and neighborhoods; and the creation of observable or defensible space can help reduce certain crimes as well as the fear of crime. Because complete information on the dynamics of the relationship between crime and the built environment is lacking, it is not possible to prescribe the specific kinds or number of physical design strategies to use to prevent crime or the conditions under which certain strategies are most likely to be effective. Consequently, a comprehensive approach to crime prevention which integrates physical design strategies with other community and police strategies is most likely to be effective in preventing crime. It is both the features of the physical environment and the behavior of persons with respect to those features that determine the usefulness of physical design strategies. Environmental design features must be acted upon and responded to consistently if they are to impact crime. Nineteen references and 1 note are provided.
Index Term(s): Environmental design; Physical crime prevention; Research
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