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NCJ Number: 82071 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Politics of Police Responses to Urban Crime (From Reactions to Crime, P 183-201, 1981, Dan A Lewis, ed. - See NCJ-82062)
Author(s): J A Beecher; R L Lineberry; M J Rich
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0096
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study of police activities and the configuration of urban power in 10 large American cities supports the hypothesis that policy responses to urban crime are determined in important ways by patterns of urban politics.
Abstract: Measures of urban governmental responses to crime were (1) the amount of resources city governments devote to policing, (2) the level of police activities, and (3) the focus of police activities. Urban configurations of power were classified according to (1) political elitism (the mayor and other political officials determine what gets done), (2) business elitism (business heads dominate the local political structure), (3) bureaucracy (professional government administrators are the most powerful determiners of policy), and (4) pluralism (local decisions strongly influenced by a variety of community groups). The study, covering the period 1948-78, shows that the stronger the power of business elites in a city, the fewer resources are invested in policing, yet the more active and aggressive the police forces; property crime tends to be the police focus. The dominance of political elites tends to produce a greater commitment of community resources to policing, with the focus tending to be more on violent crime than property crime. The linkages between both bureaucratic power and policing and pluralism and policing are scattered and indecisive. Tabular data, 13 references, and 2 notes are provided.
Index Term(s): Police resource allocation; Political influences; Urban area studies
Note: Revision of paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, April 16-18, Cincinnati, Ohio
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