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NCJ Number: 82081 Find in a Library
Title: Proceedings of the Delphi Exchange - Consensus or Controversy A Forum for Resolving Dilemmas in Sexual Assault Prevention and Intervention Held January 23, 1981
Corporate Author: Southern California Rape Prevention Study Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 43
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Southern California Rape Prevention Study Ctr
Culver City, CA 90230
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20852
Grant Number: 1R18MH33068
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the proceedings of a 1981 conference in which the Delphi technique for developing a consensus was used to determine the most appropriate goals and intervention strategies for dealing with sexual assault and for determining research needs.
Abstract: The conference, which was preceded by a national survey of experts to identify issues and goals, was a working meeting in which small interdisciplinary groups addressed critical issues and their implications for intervention with victims and assailants and for primary prevention. The participants reached a consensus that not all victims need counseling. However, all survivors can benefit from counseling if it is defined to include suport, crisis intervention, information-giving, self-help resources, and advocacy. Although female counselors are preferable, male counselors can be helpful to female survivors. The use of broad definitions of sexual assault and incest was favored, although it was recognized that it would be difficult to enforce such definitions. Better community education regarding child sexual assault, mandatory rehabilitation programs for assailants, and stronger linkages between mental health and law enforcement were recommended. It was also agreed that all children need counseling following sexual abuse or sexual assault. Participants also viewed sexism in male socialization which condones coercive sexual behavior as an important causative factor of sexual assault. The needs for constructive male role models, for research with samples of nonincarcerated rapists, and for the use of female victim advocates in the treatment of assailants were noted. The causes of sexual assault were viewed as being linked to racism, sexism, and classism in society. Disagreement existed on the relevance of biological determinants. The skills needed by prevention specialists were identified, including value clarification skills, the application of current research results to community education, communication skills, advertising, public relations, discourse analysis, and skills for teaching people to integrate prevention concepts into their lives. Among recommended strategies to reach potential assailants using preventive education were stress management, anger management, and assertiveness training. All of the small group sessions noted the need to broaden the definitions of sexual assault and incest, recognize the relevance of the results to various ethnic groups, and to include prevention information in all intervention efforts. A table is included.
Index Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Crime specific countermeasures; Incest; Psychological victimization effects; Public education; Rape crisis centers; Sex offense causes; Sexual assault; Sexual assault trauma; Sexual assault victims; Surveys; Victim counseling
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