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NCJ Number: 82230 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Level of Theft and the Size of the Public Sector - Some Empirical Evidence (From White-Collar and Economic Crime, P 139-149, 1982, Peter Wickman and Timothy Dailey, ed. - See NCJ-82224)
Author(s): M K Block
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 79-NI-AX-0071
Sale Source: Lexington Books
866 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10022
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The level of theft is examined in relation to the degree of direct collective control over resources in the economy and equality in the distribution of income.
Abstract: Data on larceny (any act of intentionally and unlawfully removing property belonging to another person) were obtained from the International Criminal Police Organization. Data on the size of the public sector (government expenditure as a percentage of gross domestic product) were obtained from the United Nations Statistical Yearbook. In addition to the government expenditure as a percentage of gross domestic product, other independent variables used to estimate the relationship between the size of the public sector and the larceny rate were the clearance rate for larceny and per capita income. The additional independent variable used in estimating the relationship between the extent of public ownership and the larceny rate was the percentage of the labor force employed in government-owned enterprises. Data on the distribution of income were obtained from 'Review of Income and Wealth' (1977). Overall, no evidence was found to support the contention that greater direct collective control over resources or a greater degree of equality in the income distribution produces lower property crime rates. In fact, a reasonable amount of evidence was found to the contrary. Further, the demand for law enforcement increases as the degree of equality in the income distribution increases. Possible explanations for the findings are offered. Tabular data, 14 references, and 20 notes are provided.
Index Term(s): Capitalism; Crime analysis; Crime patterns; Economic influences; Larceny/Theft; Socialism; Theft offenses
Note: A critical comment to this article follows in next chapter.
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