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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 82344 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Sentencing Guidelines - Structuring Judicial Discretion, Volume 2 - Analytic Basis for the Formulation of Sentencing Policy
Author(s): J C Calpin; J M Kress; A M Gelman
Corporate Author: Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Ctr
State University of New York at Albany
United States of America
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 250
Sponsoring Agency: Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Ctr
Albany, NY 12222
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 76-NI-99-0102
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This volume describes the research and policy decisions that resulted in the development of sentencing guidelines in Cook County, Ill., Essex County, N.J., Maricopa County, Ariz., and Denver, Colo.
Abstract: Statistical methods used in the guidelines research identified information items related to sentencing decisions. (The project started as an effort to build on the pioneering work done on parole decisionmaking.) A 2-year feasibility study had concluded that simple methods could provide a workable decisionmaking aid for judges at sentencing and that judges were willing to cooperate in developing and using sentencing guidelines. Four counties were then chosen as pilot implementation sites for the newly developed methods of establishing sentencing policy. The volume analyzes each State's criminal code and the local courts' sentencing practices in each site. Project staff designed and pretested a coding manual and data collection instruments, and gathered and analyzed a construction sample of sentencing decisions to develop guideline models. Judges commented on early results; a validation sample tested the predictive efficiency of the models. A historical analysis of the construction and validation samples gave judges an explicit picture of previous sentencing decisions to use in determining future sentencing policy. The report acknowledges that, despite the uniformity of approach at each site, differences in sampling, data collection, analysis, modeling procedures, and research strategies occurred. Tabular data are given; study instruments and sentencing grids are appended. For the remaining volumes, see NCJ 58874 and 82360.
Index Term(s): Arizona; Crime seriousness measures; Illinois; Judicial discretion; New Jersey; Penalty severity rating; Sentencing guidelines
Note: One of a three-volume series
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=82344

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