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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 82415 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: State of the Art Survey of Dispute Resolution Programs Involving Juveniles
Author(s): E W Vorenberg
Corporate Author: University of Chicago
National Ctr for Assessment of Alternatives to Juvenile Justice Processing
United States of Amer
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 72
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
University of Chicago
Chicago, IL 60637
Grant Number: 79-JN-AX-0018
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report examines the history and current state of the art of the use of alternative dispute resolutions for juveniles to avoid traditional court processing.
Abstract: Two forms of dispute resolution have evolved for juveniles: (1) programs that are designed exclusively for juveniles and (2) programs that are designed mainly to handle a large variety of adult civil and criminal complaints, but that hear some juvenile cases as well. The five categories of programs include neighborhood justice centers, which handle both adult and juvenile cases, arbitration programs exclusively for juveniles, community panels using mediation as a technique in juvenile cases, conference committees and community accountability boards, and peer courts. These programs appear to have been influenced by the Scandinavian child welfare boards, the diversion programs developed during the 1960's, the Children's Hearing System, which began in Scotland in 1968, the nonjudicial minor dispute centers that grew rapidly in the 1970's, and the recent Federal initiative to deinstitutionalize status offenders. Case examples and program descriptions illustrate program characteristics such as location, sponsoring agencies, budgets, funding sources, techniques used, types of cases heard, case referral sources, and types of agreements reached. Major issues facing these programs include their costs, sources of financial supports, the potential existence of coercion, due process concerns, the role of confidentiality, the inequality of the parties, and the inclusion of cases that would not have reached the courts. The question of whether these community dispute settlement programs provide an effective alternative to formal adjudication has not been satisfactorily answered. Juvenile arbitration and mediation programs do succeed in diverting juveniles from court and in providing crime victims with greater satisfaction. Tables, 34 references, and appendixes presenting descriptions and forms from Florida programs as well as related materials are provided.
Index Term(s): Alternative dispute settlement; Arbitration; Juvenile processing; Mediation; Neighborhood justice centers
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