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NCJ Number: 82423 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Personal Protective Behaviors and the Threat of Crime - A Comparative Analysis
Author(s): T L Baumer
Corporate Author: Northwestern University
Ctr for Urban Affairs & Policy Research
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 137
Sponsoring Agency: Northwestern University
Evanston, IL 60201
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0057
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A conceptual framework of factors related to protective behaviors against personal crime victimization is presented and tested. A literature review was conducted prior to developing the principal multivariate correlates of protective behaviors are estimates of personal danger, assessments of environmental danger, sex, and age.
Abstract: Several other variables were hypothesized to have significant zero-order correlations which should be accounted for by the mediating effects of these central variables. The primary thesis is that contextual variables specify the correlates of personal protective behaviors. The hypothesis was tested through data collected by telephone interviews of 13 independently drawn samples in 10 neighborhoods in Philadelphia, Chicago, and San Francisco. A total of 2,695 interviews were completed. The major correlates of personal protective behaviors were found to be subjective estimates of personal danger and personal characteristics related to vulnerability, as measured by sex and age. Assessments of environmental danger, the interpersonal communication of crime information, and the perception of crime-related environmental cues are all related to personal protective behaviors, but only through their effects on estimates of personal danger. The comparative analysis indicated that special patterns of criminal victimization may affect the nature of the correlates of protective behaviors. After all of the major correlates of the dependent variable have been controlled, the residents of some of the neighborhoods studied still reported more protective behaviors than residents of other areas. Tabular data are provided, and the questionnaire is appended. A total of 70 references are listed.
Index Term(s): Fear of crime
Note: A Reactions to Crime Paper, from the Reactions to Crime Project. Loyola University of Chicago - doctoral dissertation
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