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NCJ Number: 82434 Find in a Library
Title: Reactions to Fear - Indirect Costs and Adaptive Behaviors
Author(s): M G Maxfield
Corporate Author: Northwestern University
Ctr for Urban Affairs & Policy Research
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 41
Sponsoring Agency: Northwestern University
Evanston, IL 60201
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0057
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Findings are presented from a study that examined the relationship between fear of crime and certain hypothesized reactive behaviors using data from surveys in Portland, Ore., Kansas City, and Cincinnati.
Abstract: Reactive responses hypothesized as stemming from fear of crime are (1) avoidance (limiting mobility according to perceptions of victimization risks), (2) target hardening (adding locks on doors, burglar alarms, etc.), (3) purchasing of weapons, (4) purchase of theft insurance, (5) organized collective response (participation in organized crime prevention programs), (6) changing residence because of perceived crime threat, and (7) voicing complaints against public officials believed responsible for not countering crime. Avoidance behavior and complaints against public officials were found to be the only hypothesized behaviors significantly related to fear of crime. What increase there is in reported fortification of property is generally the less expensive modifications, such as installing additional locks. Relationships between fear of crime and weapons ownership are inconsistent, with some evidence that those feeling safer are more likely to have weapons. Similarly, those feeling most safe are more likely to have theft insurance. The hypothesis derived from the findings is that the more costly responses to crime are more common in affluent areas, while the less costly responses, such as avoidance behavior, are more common in lower income areas and in areas where the perceived threat of crime is greater. Tabular data and 14 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Fear of crime; Kansas; Ohio; Oregon
Note: Part of the Reactions to Crime Project
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