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NCJ Number: 82457 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Wage and Status Effects of Employment on Affective Well-Being Among Ex-Felons
Journal: American Sociological Review  Volume:47  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1982)  Pages:264-283
Author(s): J K Liker
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Labor
Washington, DC 20210
Grant Number: 79-NI-AX-0031; 21-25-77-05
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The analyses described here examine the economic and extraeconomic benefits of employment among one portion of the marginal labor force ex-felons.
Abstract: Work is believed to be important for the mental health of men and women. With limited empirical support, social scientists have argued that employment is important as both an income source and a source of 'extraeconomic' benefits as well. The latter include social status, an interpersonal context, and psychologically rewarding activities. Although jobs in the middle and upper status range appear to be obvious sources of extraeconomic benefits, this is less apparent at the lower margins where jobs are less socially desirable. Drawing on data from TARP, a field experiment involving about 2000 ex-felons released in Texas and Georgia in 1976, a nonrecursive model of the functions of employment was formulated and tested. Using three-stage least squares, employment was found to reduce affective distress among ex-felons by providing both income support and extraeconomic benefits. Furthermore, there were some feedback effects in that affective stress was found to reduce subsequent work activity, further aggravating feelings of displacement and stigmatization among unemployed ex-felons. (Author abstract)
Index Term(s): Ex-offender employment; Georgia (USA); Social reintegration; Texas
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