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NCJ Number: 82564 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Robust Estimation of Parole Outcome
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:19  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1982)  Pages:84-109
Author(s): H Wainer; A M B Morgan
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0047
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A comparison is made of various methodologies used in quantitative prediction of parole outcome. The Salient Factor Score, designed as an actuarial parole prognosis aid, is compared for accuracy and efficiency of prediction with a logistic latent trait model whose parameters were estimated in two different ways.
Abstract: One estimation scheme, maximum likelihood, is known to be adversely affected by noisy data, so a second method, robust in the face of deviations from assumptions of the model, was also used. In a 1970 two-year follow-up data set from the United States Parole Commission, the robust latent trait model is shown to predict parole performance more accurately than is possible with the other estimation scheme. The differences lie in the tail of the probity distribution, where the robust estimates prove to be clearly superior. It is proposed that these techniques also be tested in other parts of the criminal justice system. (Author abstract)
Index Term(s): Criminality prediction; Parole outcome prediction; Recidivism
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