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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 82668 Find in a Library
Title: Corporate Deviance
Author(s): M D Ermann; R J Lundman
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 207
Sponsoring Agency: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
New York, NY 10017
Sale Source: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
383 Madison Avenue
New York, NY 10017
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The dynamics whereby internal corporate organizational processes and consequences can be labeled deviant are examined.
Abstract: The importance of administrative coalitions in corporate hierarchies is discussed, and some of the ways corporate positions and administrative coalitions produce corporate acts are illustrated. The corporate deviance-defining process is then portrayed, including the suggestion that it includes accusers, corporations, and audiences. It is shown that the defining process can result in a corporation's being labeled deviant for violating the rights of owners, employees, customers, or the general public. The Equity Funding scandal is used to show that corporate deviance against owners can occur because owners lack power to enforce their normative rights due to the separation of ownership from management. Examples of exposure of employees to harmful asbestos are used to show corporate deviance toward employees. It is shown that not only a concern for short-term corporate profits, but also corporate structure and the Federal Government contribute to actions contrary to the best interests of employees. Corporate deviance affecting consumers is shown in trade association and governmental actions that encourage price agreements. Corporate violations of the Corrupt Practices Act are examined, with particular attention to the actions of one corporate violator, Gulf Oil. Nonpenetrating controls are discussed as one means of controlling corporate deviance. Such controls seek to structure environments so that violators will change their actions in the future and potential violators will remain conforming. The penetrating controls discussed include changes in corporate chartering, the protection of 'whistle-blowers,' and the punishment of executives involved in corporate criminality. Extensive notes and annotated selected readings accompany each chapter. Name and subject indexes are provided.
Index Term(s): Corporate criminal liability; Crime specific countermeasures; Deviance; White collar crime
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