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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 82760 Find in a Library
Title: Forensic Science Handbook
Editor(s): R Saferstein
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 742
Sponsoring Agency: Prentice Hall
Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632
Sale Source: Prentice Hall
Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Forensic science experts present information on methods of analysis, equipment, and interpretation of scientific tests for an array of physical evidence, including blood, hair, paint, soil, glass, gunshot residue, documents, and more. A discussion of legal aspects covers expert testimony and rules of evidence.
Abstract: Special chapters highlight the expanding use of high-performance liquid chromotography (HPLC) and mass spectrometry. HPLC is useful in analyzing drugs, poisons, and allied substances. A survey of mass spectrometry covers sample ionization, the mass analyzer, sample inlets, data acquisition and processing, and applications to the analysis of drugs, explosives, and synthetic polymers. Glass analysis covers variability, primary glass types, fracture examination, and particle comparisons. Additional sections are devoted to analysis of human hair and evidence of arson and use of explosives. The identification and grouping of bloodstains requires familarity with the Lattes crust method, the absorption-inhibition technique, mixed agglutination, and the absorption-elution method. Biochemical markers of individuality are described, focusing on genetically polymorphic protein markers and statistical analysis methods. The chapter on forensic microscopy discusses major variants of the compound microscope, polarized light microscopy, microchemical methods, and photomicrography. The text also covers analysis of household and automotive paint and detection of gunshot residue on hands and around bullet holes. Other chapters deal with soil analysis, alcohol in blood and breath, and document examination. Each chapter includes references.
Index Term(s): Alcohol consumption analysis; Arson investigations; Blood/body fluid analysis; Chromatography; Crime laboratory equipment; Document analysis; Drug analysis; Electron microscopy; Explosives; Forensic geology; Forensic medicine; Glass analysis; Gunshot residue; Hair and fiber analysis; Mass spectroscopy; Paint analysis; Poisons and poison analysis; Rules of evidence; Saliva sample analysis; Tissue analysis; Trace evidence
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