skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 82862 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Court Laws in India
Journal: Social Defence  Volume:16  Issue:64  Dated:(April 1981)  Pages:5-13
Author(s): M Najmi
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 9
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: This paper highlights the philosophy and organization of the juvenile court system in India, as well as juvenile codes, arrest procedures, and qualifications for juvenile court magistrates.
Abstract: The fundamental idea of juvenile court law is that the State must step in and exercise guardianship over a child found under social or personal conditions that promote criminality. This reflects the realization that children are unable to manage their own affairs and that delinquent acts affect the whole social structure adversely. The juvenile justice reform movement in the Western world created some ferment in 19th century India, but recommendations of the 1920-21 Indian Jail Commission were the real impetus for separate juvenile legislation. Most States have enacted legislation based on Great Britain's 1960 Children Act providing for separate juvenile court and treatment systems. Many States still do not have separate juvenile courts but appoint especially empowered magistrates to handle these cases. The half-hearted manner in which some States have implemented their juvenile legislation is clearly a breach of faith with India's humanitarian Constitution. The 1973 Code of Criminal Procedure confines the juvenile court's jurisdiction to youths under 16 years old who have committed offenses not punishable by death or life imprisonment. The Central Children Act of 1960 has a broader definition of delinquency and extends the age to 18 for girls. Age limits also vary among States. Juveniles apprehended by the police can be released on bail to parents or guardians or must be produced before the court within 24 hours. The court requests a background report from the probation officer before making a decision. Juvenile court judges must have special knowledge of child psychology and child welfare. The juvenile court has established a good reputation, although its achievements as a crime prevention agency are meager. Over 20 references are included.
Index Term(s): India; Juvenile codes; Juvenile courts; Juvenile processing
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.