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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 82910 Find in a Library
Title: Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure 23(b) and 24(c) - A Proposal To Reduce Mistrials Due to Incapacitated Jurors
Journal: American University Law Review  Volume:31  Issue:3  Dated:(Spring 1982)  Pages:651-679
Author(s): D P Nicoli
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 29
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article evaluates the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee's proposed amendments to Rules 23(b) and 24(c) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure focusing on mistrials declared due to juror incapacitation.
Abstract: Under the current rules, if a juror becomes unable to serve after the jury retires to deliberate, a mistrial must be declared if one or both parties refuse to stipulate that a verdict delivered by a jury of less than 12 members is valid. The waste of judicial resources that results from a mistrial declared at such a late stage in the proceedings is no longer justifiable because of the recent Supreme Court decision on the right to trial by jury in Henderson v. Lane (1980). The committee's proposed amendment to Rule 23(b) would permit the trial judge to accept a verdict delivered by 11 jurors if the court finds it necessary to excuse a juror for just cause after the jury has retired to deliberate. The proposed amendment to Rule 24(c) would permit the trial court to retain alternate jurors after the jury retires to deliberate. The alternate may be substituted due to juror incapacitation, but deliberations must begin anew. Adoption of the proposed amendment to Rule 23(b), with modifications, is recommended. The article provides 179 footnotes.
Index Term(s): Criminal proceedings; Federal Code; Federal regulations; Juries; Law reform; Mistrials; Right to trial by jury
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