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NCJ Number: 83241 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Emergency Preparedness
Journal: Police Chief  Volume:49  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1982)  Pages:106-111
Author(s): J J Fouchard; G Adams; L O Giuffrida; H Van Cleave
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Emergency preparedness functions are described for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the American Red Cross (ARC), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and the Emergency Response Division of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Abstract: The inadequacies in emergency planning for the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant emergency are noted, and the NRC's new emergency planning rules derived from this incident are outlined. The importance of cooperative planning to deal with nuclear emergencies is emphasized, and attention is given to the emergency functions of police and fire departments at the local level. Public education as an aspect of emergency preparedness of nuclear accidents is also considered. Ways in which the ARC meets the emergency needs of disaster victims are described, and the history of the ARC disaster response is traced, beginning with its founding by Clara Barton in 1881. The functions of FEMA, which has the responsibility of coordinating Federal response to all natural and manmade disasters, are described, including its assistance to communities facing major emergencies. FEMA also provides guidance to State and local officials in planning for emergency preparedness. The importance of cooperation between police and fire officials is noted. Attention is given to the work of EPA's oil and hazardous substance emergency response program, which protests the quality of the environment through the prevention or minimization of the effects of spills or releases of hazardous waste sites. Legislative bases for this work are explained.
Index Term(s): Crisis management; Disaster procedures; Emergency procedures; Environmental laws; Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); Nuclear energy; Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
Note: From Official Proceedings of the 88th Annual Conference of the International Association of Chiefs of Police, September 26 - October 1, 1981, New Orleans, Louisiana
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