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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 83325 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Justice
Journal: Corrections Today  Volume:44  Issue:3  Dated:(June 1982)  Pages:6,12,14-16,18,26,28-30,32,34,40,42-43,71-72
Author(s): H Rauch; M Brown; J Cyriaque; L Fowler; B Allen-Hagen; J C Howell; R Burgess
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Five articles focus on such aspects of juvenile justice as the training of staff for juvenile detention facilities, the characteristics of serious juvenile offenders in Illinois, juvenile justice standards, and juvenile corrections in Ontario, Canada.
Abstract: The facilities which are in correspondent or candidate status with the Commission on Accreditation for Corrections are also listed. An analysis of training needs for juvenile detention staff notes that detention personnel function as security officers, counselors, disciplinarians, recorders of behavior, and activity coordinators. Regular staff training sessions, the use of printed materials, the provision of opportunities to practice skills, and the use of programmed instruction are recommended. The discussion of serious juvenile offenders in Illinois notes that several studies indicate that offenders with such characteristics as poor parent-child relationships, school difficulties, and low self-esteem tend to account for a disproportionate number of violent offenses. The Illinois study focused on the age, sex, ethnicity, family characteristics, educational levels, offense patterns, and mental health indicators of juveniles who were institutionalized in the State. Potential uses of the various sets of juvenile justice standards are examined, using examples from New York, Minnesota, and California. A description of Ontario's juvenile corrections system focuses on diversion programs, the new Young Offenders Act, the preparation of youthful offenders for reentry into the community, the use of secure confinement.
Index Term(s): Accreditation; Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Correctional institutions (juvenile); Illinois; Juvenile Corrections/Detention staff training; Juvenile detention; Offender statistics; Ontario; Recidivists
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