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NCJ Number: 83378 Find in a Library
Title: External Effects and the Organization of Policing in Metropolitan Areas
Author(s): J P McIver
Corporate Author: Indiana University
Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 40
Sponsoring Agency: Indiana University
Bloomington, IN 47401
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
Grant Number: GI 43949; APR 74-14059 A03
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The empirical basis for interagency cooperation in policing metropolitan areas is examined, and the range of cooperative and consolidated arrangements among police service producers is described.
Abstract: The National Advisory Committee on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals has stated that 'Criminal activity is often multijurisdictional. The success of each police agency in its operations has a direct effect on the criminal activity in neighboring jurisdictions. The police chief executive must recognize certain criminal activity as a regional problem and realize that coping with it requires regional coordination.' Despite this statement, the type and magnitude of positive and negative effects of direct and auxiliary police services have not been fully catalogued, and the role of special enclave law enforcement producers and overlapping agencies (primarily county and State police) agencies has not been adequately examined. This study is designed to fill some of these gaps in knowledge. The research reviewed provides some evidence that criminals are mobile and that police may have some impact on whether crimes are committed locally or in the next town. It is not yet known what types of interjurisdictional cooperation affect this type of crime, to what extent displaced crime and more generally all crime externalities affect interagency arrangements, and whether overlapping agencies impact local crime rates and external effects; therefore, there is little empirical basis for specific recommendations for the reorganization of policing. The beginnings of a conceptual framework for studying the relationship between criminal activity and interjurisdictional cooperation among police agencies are presented. This effort illustrates some of the difficulties researchers will have in establishing a link between externalities and activities designed to reduce or increase them. The data merely suggest that cooperative activities may be a function of displaced crime. Tabular and graphic data, 60 bibliographic references, and 4 footnotes are provided.
Index Term(s): Crime displacement; Crime patterns; Interagency cooperation; Police agencies
Note: This report was prepared for the 1980 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology in San Francisco, California, November 5-8, 1980.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=83378

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