skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 83475 Find in a Library
Title: Neighborhood Justice Centers Field Test (From Neighborhood Justice, P 91-110, 1982, by Roman Tomasic et al - See NCJ-83472)
Author(s): J A Roehl; R F Cook
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Longman Inc
New York, NY 10036
Sale Source: Longman Inc
19 West 44th Street
Suite 1012
New York, NY 10036
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The experimental neighborhood justice centers in Atlanta, Kansas City, and Los Angeles fulfilled their primary goals of providing relatively inexpensive, expeditious, and fair resolution of disputes while enhancing the quality of justice delivered to the community.
Abstract: Because the three centers were each provided with guidelines developed by Federal agencies, they had certain characteristics in common, notably the ways in which they were organized and staffed and the methods by which they resolved disputes. Each center recruited community representatives as mediators. In the mediating process, the mediator gathered facts and reviewed issues in an effort to move the parties toward an agreement. In a final joint session, if some resolution was reached, a written agreement was signed by the parties. During the 2-year study, evidence showed that mediation is an effective and satisfactory method for resolving many types of minor disputes. Almost 4,000 varied cases from diverse sources were handled effectively, and successful resolutions were reached in nearly half of them. Followup interviews 6 months later indicated that a substantial majority of disputants were satisfied with the center alternative and were holding to the terms of their agreements. Further, mediation was found to be more satisfactory to disputants and at least as effective in resolving disputes in the long term as the courts and that the centers can resolve disputes much faster and at less cost than courts. Overall, this type of informal process has the potential for being an effective alternative to the courts and of relieving the court of some of its caseload as the number of cases referred and processed by the centers increases. Tabular data from the study are provided.
Index Term(s): Alternative dispute settlement; California; Georgia (USA); Missouri; Neighborhood justice centers; Program evaluation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.