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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 83602 Find in a Library
Title: Introduction to Juvenile Delinquency
Author(s): M E Murrell; D Lester
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 265
Sponsoring Agency: Macmillan
New York, NY 10010
Sale Source: Macmillan
175 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10010
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book provides a broad introduction to the nature, frequency, and possible causes of juvenile delinquency and the sequence of stages in the juvenile justice process.
Abstract: Sociological and phychological theories and empirical research on the nature and causes of juvenile delinquency are presented, followed by a discussion of the implications of theory for delinquency prevention and the rehabilitation of offenders. Although no single explanation or theory appears adequate to explain all delinquent behavior, poverty and problems in family relationships are common to theories of delinquency. In addition, the effect of the juvenile justice process may be to increase the delinquent behavior of those who come into contact with it. An interview with a former juvenile delinquent is provided to permit the application of some of the theoretical ideas about delinquency to an actual case. The legal response to juvenile crime is traced from the early days of the juvenile court until the present. The involvement of the police, probation officers, the juvenile court, and correctional institutions in the juvenile justice process is delineated. The influences of both the components of the process and the environment in which they exist are analysed. Innovations such as deinstitutionalization and diversion are described. Attention is also given to the use of legal and administrative controls on discretion in decisionmaking. Tables, figures, and subject and author indexes are included. Reference notes and discussion questions are provided for some chapters.
Index Term(s): Case studies; Conflict theory; Criminality prediction; Deviance; Gangs; Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile court intake; Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile processing; Labeling theory; Offender profiles; Personality assessment; Socioeconomic causes of delinquency
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