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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 83704 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Crime Attraction and Deterrence in Small Communities - Theory and Results
Journal: International Regional Science Review  Volume:3  Issue:2  Dated:(1978)  Pages:153-163
Author(s): S Hakim; A Ovadia; J Weinblatt
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study analyzes the distribution of property crimes among small communities within a metropolitan area.
Abstract: The study tests whether a pool of criminals operating within a metropolitan area allocates its aggregate activity according to a rational pattern. The theoretical model based on utility maximization shows that, given a set of relatively reasonable assumptions, the number of offenses is positively related to the potential criminal gains and negatively related to police effectiveness. Community characteristics affect the level of criminal activity in each community, an hypothesis which is supported by the empirical results presented here. The concentration of wealth and commercial activities attracts crime, whereas the clearance rate deters crime. Tables, footnotes, and 17 references are included. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Geographic distribution of crime; Models; Urban area studies
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