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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 83728 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Early Identification and Classification of Juvenile Delinquents - Hearing Before the Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice, October 22, 1981
Corporate Author: US Congress
Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 172
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Congress
Washington, DC 20510
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislative/Regulatory Material
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The hearings focused on the early identification and classification of juvenile delinquents in order to develop programs to remove juveniles from the crime cycle.
Abstract: The purpose of this early identification would be to determine a critical point in the youth's development at which some intervention such as family counseling or corrective actions might succeed in preventing future delinquency in that individual. In a review of research attempting to predict future delinquency, a professor at the University of Virginia School of Law noted that the childhood predictors of criminality include three clusters of factors: parent factors such as parents' criminality and harsh physical discipline, child factors such as temperament and age of onset of delinquency, and school factors such as interpersonal difficulties and academic difficulties. However, the use of these factors would result in only 50 percent accuracy, at best, in predicting future criminality. The negative effects of intervention programs are unknown, while the positive effects are generally unknown but have tended in the past to be minimal. Other speakers advocated intervention early in childhood through the provision of day care or other resources, the removal of abused children from the home if the home cannot be made safe, and the use of indigenous community groups and community centers to involve whole families in positive community activities. Other speakers advocated longitudinal research on the effects of various interventions and interventions only with youths who had been adjudicated. Written statements, footnotes, graphs, tables, and an appendix presenting additional written testimony are provided.
Index Term(s): Criminality prediction; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention
Note: Serial Number J-97-70
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