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NCJ Number: 84125 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Reforming the Reform School - Juvenile Corrections in Massachusetts
Journal: New Designs for Youth Development  Volume:3  Issue:3  Dated:(May-June 1982)  Pages:16-19
Author(s): E C Schneider
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Recognizing that Massachusetts juvenile reform schools have had a history of irrepressible inhumane conditions and treatment, Jerome Miller, the commissioner of the Department of Youth Services (DYS) from the late 60's to 1973, closed the reform schools to force the development of alternatives to institutionalization.
Abstract: Miller differed from earlier reformers in his realization that the dynamics of an institution and an institutional system limit reformability. As a result of Miller's action in deinstitutionalizing juveniles, DYS acquired a new flexibility in shifting juvenile offenders from one program to another without encountering an institutional lobby that had a vested interest in keeping the reform schools full. Even if, as is likely, the number of places available in secure facilities increases in the future, Miller's reforms have ensured that the majority of juveniles referred to DYS will continue to avoid institutionalization. Miller's reform effort was flawed, however, by its failure to establish replacement programs for deinstitutionalized juveniles with guidelines for evaluation. Only emergency grants from the State legislature and LEAA saved Massachusetts from having no delinquency program at all. Thirteen footnotes are listed.
Index Term(s): Correctional institutions (juvenile); Correctional reform; Deinstitutionalization; Juvenile correctional planning; Juvenile justice reform; Massachusetts
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