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NCJ Number: 89554 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Structural Density and Criminal Victimization
Journal: Criminology  Volume:21  Issue:2  Dated:(May 1983)  Pages:276-293
Author(s): R J Sampson
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: US Securities and Exchange Cmssn
Washington, DC 20549-2736
Grant Number: 81-IJ-CX-0042
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the relationship between neighborhood structural density and rates of robbery and assault victimization.
Abstract: A theoretical framework linking defensible-space theory with an opportunity model of predatory criminal victimization suggests that structural density has a positive relationship with victimization, independent of victim characteristics. This perspective is compared to recent empirical and theoretical works that argue that density has either no relationship or an inverse relationship to crime. Hypotheses are tested with National Crime Survey victimization data for the years 1973 to 1978. The results support the major hypothesis and show that structural density is positively related to rates of robbery and assault victimization, controlling for age, race, and sex of victim, and for extent of urbanization. Surprisingly, the positive relationship between structural density and victimization is stronger in rural areas than in urban areas. (Publisher abstract)
Index Term(s): Assault and battery; Crime Rate; Defensible space; Robbery
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