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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 89736 Find in a Library
Title: Challenge of Crime - Its Trends, Changes in Forms and Dimensions (From UNAFEI Report for 1980 and Resource Material Series No. 20), P 107-119, 1981 - See NCJ-89732)
Author(s): H U R Khan
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 13
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United Nations
Annotation: Following a brief historical view of how criminal behavior and criminals have been dealt with in the past, this study focuses on various categories of research into the causes of crime, as well as present trends and changes in the forms of criminality, with particular attention to the United States and Pakistan.
Abstract: Prior to the development of criminological research, crime was addressed primarily through the infliction of pain and death under a variety of often sadistic means, under the assumption that crime could be prevented by making its consequences severe. Research, however, explored the factors believed to contribute to criminal behavior, such as economic, social, psychological, and biological factors. Research has done little to resolve the controversy about the causes of crime, as a collection of limited theories have emerged, inadequate to explain the various and complex causes of crime. In the United States today, the crime rate is one of the highest in the world. The President's Crime Commission Report presented in the latter part of the 1960's gives some direction for how crime might be better addressed in the United States. The crime rate in Pakistan has remained under control even with an increase in population and unemployment. A further decrease in crime is expected after the implementation of proposed reforms in the legal system. The study briefly reviews crime trends in the United Kingdom, West Germany, and Japan, and attention is given to drug abuse, sex crimes, and corporate crime internationally.
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Crime Rate; Drug abuse; Pakistan; Sex offenses; Trend analysis; United States of America; White collar crime
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