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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 89740 Find in a Library
Title: Administration of Criminal Justice and Crime Trends (From UNAFEI Report for 1980 and Resource Material Series No. 20, P 148-154, 1981 - See NCJ-89732)
Author(s): M Bushra
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 7
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Nations
Annotation: This workshop report presents crime trends and crime prevention approaches for Sudan, Malaysia, Pakistan, Nepal, Japan, and Iraq.
Abstract: In Sudan, the annual crime rate increase is less than 5 percent, and the annual clearance rate is 69 percent. Crime prevention measures include the execution of bond to keep peace on the part of habitual or dangerous convicted offenders or persons likely to commit an offense, police patrol, intelligence work, the registration of offenders, and the monitoring of habitual offenders. Malaysia has particular problems with organized criminal gangs. With respect to Malaysia, the workshop group discussed modern techniques of police crime prevention and crime investigation, citizen crime prevention, and cooperation among all agencies in the criminal justice system. Crime is a serious problem in Pakistan, and crime prevention measures are in six categories: (1) security precautions, police patrols, and social planning; (2) educational, recreational, and therapeutic measures; (3) treatment of offenders; (4) deterrence through punishment; (5) elimination of crime causes; and (6) physical crime prevention. New types of crime in Nepal are a particular problem (white-collar crimes). The workshop recommended new legislation and administrative regulations to exert tighter controls over deviant economic behavior of businesses and individuals. Drug abuse is a severe problem in Japan, and the workshop group suggested the preventive measures of public education, control of the cultivation of poppy plants and medical drugs, and drug treatment programs. Fundamental punishments in the Iraqi Penal Code are described.
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Crime prevention measures; Drug abuse; Iraq; Japan; Malaysia; Nepal; Pakistan; Sudan; White collar crime
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