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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 89761 Find in a Library
Title: Psychology of the Courtroom
Editor(s): N L Kerr; R M Bray
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 373
Sponsoring Agency: Academic Press, Inc
San Diego, CA 92101-4495
Sale Source: Academic Press, Inc
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525 B. Street
Suite 1900
San Diego, CA 92101-4495
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This volume critically reviews empirical work bearing on courtroom psychology, drawing on both basic and applied research, relevant psychological theory, and atheoretical descriptive work.
Abstract: The text addresses procedures governing courtroom trials and introduces the major actors: jurors, defendants, and victims. It reviews three procedural issues attracting much research attention: the psychological consequences of employing an adversarial system of justice, the effects of the order of presenting information, and the comprehensibility and effectiveness of judicial instructions to jurors. A discussion of juror selection describes the fundamental principles, key issues, and involvement of psychologists in jury selection. One paper focuses on the effects of defendants' and victims' personal characteristics on trial outcomes. Two chapters examine the general issue of testimony, including the question of eyewitness reliability and witness credibility. Three chapters review research on the decisionmaking process for the individual juror, the jury, and the judge. The final section looks at methodological considerations in the study of courtroom psychology and the problem of innovation and change in the courtroom. Tables, footnotes, chapter references, and author and subject indexes are supplied. For individual papers, see NCJ 897672-71. (Author summary modified)
Index Term(s): Juror characteristics; Jury decisionmaking; Jury instructions; Jury selection; Psychological research
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