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NCJ Number: 89765 Find in a Library
Title: Reliability of Eyewitness Testimony - A Psychological Perspective (From Psychology of the Courtroom, P 119-168, 1983, Norbert L Kerr and Robert M Bray, ed. - See NCJ-89761)
Author(s): S Penrod; E Loftus; J Winkler
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 50
Sponsoring Agency: Academic Press, Inc
San Diego, CA 92101-4495
Sale Source: Academic Press, Inc
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Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews the literature on eyewitness reliability, particularly regarding the basic processes of human memory and their relationships to eyewitness reliability, facial recognition, and the eyewitnesses' role in the legal system.
Abstract: The authors discuss the many sources of unreliability affecting the acquisition, retention, and retrieval of witnesses' material. These sources include stimulus events (e.g., exposure time, event complexity, event stressfulness), witness factors (e.g., expectations, information processing strategies), the length of the retention interval, distortion and changes in memory occurring over time, question biases, and lineup instruction biases. They also examine studies dealing with eyewitness activities related to suspect identification (e.g., photo spreads, mug shots, facial composites) and evaluate several possible means of improving or extending eyewitness performance, including use of different modes of questioning, hypnosis, and lie detectors. About 250 references are cited.
Index Term(s): Eyewitness testimony; Facial Recognition/Recall; Polygraphs; Questioning under hypnosis; Suspect identification; Witness credibility
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=89765

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