skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 89932 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Freedom on Licence - The Development of Parole and Proposals for Reform
Corporate Author: Howard League for Penal Reform
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 94
Sponsoring Agency: Howard League for Penal Reform
London, N19 3NL, England
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Quartermaine House Ltd
Sunbury, Middlesex, England
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Quartermaine House Ltd
Windmill Road
Sunbury, Middlesex,
United Kingdom
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Following a review of the history of the development of the parole system in England and Wales, this study proposes a reform of the system that could substantially reduce the prison population and provide for the careful supervision of parolees.
Abstract: The proposal recommends three categories of inmates eligible for parole release: those sentenced to terms up to and including 3 years, those sentenced to between 3 and 7 years, and those sentenced to over 7 years. All inmates sentenced to less than 3 years would automatically be eligible for release after serving one-third of their sentences. Inmates sentenced to between 3 and 7 years would also be eligible for automatic release, but the court would be able to stipulate a minimum period which would have to be served before parole could be granted. In such a situation, the inmate's case would be reviewed at the time stipulated by the court, and release would be at the discretion of the parole board. Prisoners sentenced in excess of 7 years would be subject to parole review at one-third of the sentence, as now. Further, a parole division of the court of appeal should be established to hear appeals of parole board decisions. All prisoners who have been denied parole would have a right of appeal. All those released on parole would be subject to supervision up to the two-thirds point in their sentence. Under this proposal, it would no longer be necessary to make use of local review committees. The advantages of this procedure over the current one are that the decision on the minimum amount of time an offender should remain in custody would be returned to the courts; the inmate will know from the time of sentence that he will be paroled after a specified time in custody; and a large number of low-risk offenders will be released without having to undergo a selection process. Moreover, the parole board will be able to focus upon cases that need careful considerations and the proposed extension of parole suggested by the Home Office Review could be incorporated in these proposals.
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; England; Parole; Parole board; Wales
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.