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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 90090 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Early Identification of the Chronic Offender
Author(s): R A Haapanen; C F Jesness
Corporate Author: California Dept of the Youth Authority
United States of America
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 203
Sponsoring Agency: California Dept of the Youth Authority
Sacramento, CA 95823
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 79-NI-AX-0114
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Followup arrest data on delinquent youths incarcerated in California Youth Authority (CYA) institutions during the 1960's suggest that some important indicators of later chronic criminal and violent behavior are manifest and observable at an early age and that even a moderately successful intervention strategy might provide substantial crime reduction benefits.
Abstract: Records of the California Bureau of Criminal Investigation and Identification, the FBI, and the Bureau of Vital Statistics provided information on the adult years of peak criminal activity, 18-26, for 3 samples: 1,622 older male teenagers committed to the Preston School of Industry in 1966-67; 960 male adolescents placed at the CYA's Northern California Youth Center (CYC) from 1969 to 1971; and 210 preadolescent boys sent to the Fricot Ranch School from 1960-63. Most of the sample engaged in serious criminal activity as adults, with 86 percent being classified as chronic offenders. While over half the youths from Preston and CYC were arrested at least once within the first year of parole, usually for minor offenses, the time to first violent or property offense was considerably longer. Compared to nonchronics, the chronic offenders more often came from families of lower socioeconomic status, had more siblings, were more retarded in school and more negative about school, were younger at first police contact, had longer police records, expressed more antisocial attitudes, and were more hostile and less conforming. Black youths were more often chronic offenders in relation to their numbers in the samples. Analysis of the Fricot data suggested a possible correlation between brain abnormalities and criminality, particularly violent behavior. Tables, about 40 references, and coding materials are appended.
Index Term(s): California; Criminality prediction; Habitual offenders; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Violent offenders; Youthful offenders
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