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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 90282 Find in a Library
Title: Does Miranda Apply to Traffic Arrests?
Journal: Wayne Law Review  Volume:27  Issue:1  Dated:(Fall 1980)  Pages:193-215
Author(s): M J Baliff
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 23
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article explores the various approaches courts have taken to applying the Miranda warnings to custodial traffic arrests, discusses the differences between merely detaining a motorist for the purpose of issuing a citation and actual police custody, and argues that the fact of arrest, rather than the offense, should determine whether Miranda warnings are required.
Abstract: Miranda requires that police inform suspects of certain rights, such as the right to remain silent. From a fourth amendment standpoint, a stop to write a citation is not intrusive; thus, there is no 'custody' sufficient to give rise to Miranda rights. However, in all traffic encounters where a person is placed under arrest and removed involuntarily from the scene of the traffic stop, Miranda warnings must be given. A number of jurisdictions have reasoned that Miranda warnings are never required when a traffic offense is charged. Courts which extend the Miranda requirements to traffic offenses nonetheless distinguish between an investigatory stop and a custodial arrest. State courts have a duty under the supremacy clause to apply Miranda to all 'crimes' as that term has been interpreted under the fifth amendment. Miranda warnings will not interfere with police investigations because the rule should not apply to every stop to write a ticket but only to traffic arrests. Miranda safeguards should be available to every person, no matter how minor that person's crime. Footnotes are supplied.
Index Term(s): Judicial decisions; Miranda rights; Traffic offenses
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