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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 90376 Find in a Library
Title: Effect of Community Reintegration on Rates of Recidivism - A Statistical Overview of Data for the Years 1971 Through 1980
Author(s): D P LeClair
Corporate Author: Massachusetts Dept of Corrections
Division of Research
United States of America
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 33
Sponsoring Agency: Massachusetts Dept of Corrections
Boston, MA 02202
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Publication Number: 13267-32-650-6-83-CR
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Analyses of recidivism rates in Massachusetts between 1971 and 1980 suggest that correctional programs geared to maintain or establish an offender's links with family and society may be associated with a subsequent reduction in recidivism.
Abstract: The study defines a recidivist as any ex-offender who was returned to a State or Federal correctional facility for a period of 30 days or more during the followup period. Monitoring of recidivism data since 1971 has revealed a systematic reduction of recidivism rates from 1971 to 1978, from 25 percent to 16 percent. However, recidivism rates of the 1979 and 1980 release populations increased to 26 percent. Individuals who had experienced furlough prior to release had significantly lower rates of recidivism than those with no furlough experience. The data also showed that participation in prerelease programs prior to community release reduced recidivism rates. Finally, individuals released directly from medium- or minimum-security institutions, including prerelease centers and halfway houses, had significantly lower rates than offenders released directly from maximum-security institutions. All these relationships held even when selection factors were controlled and remained constant when followup periods were extended from 1 to 2 years and then to 5 years. The graduated social reintroduction of the offender, accomplished through a series of moves through institutions with descending levels of security and size, was associated with reductions in recidivism. Despite the recent increase in recidivism, participation in reintegration programs has remained associated with lower rates of recidivism. Statistical tables and a bibliography of 28 research publications are appended.
Index Term(s): Furloughs; Massachusetts; Recidivism statistics; Social reintegration; Work release
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