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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 90557 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: On Development and Prospects of Social Advocacy
Author(s): A Klijn
Corporate Author: Netherlands Ministry of Justice
Research and Documentation Centre
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Netherlands Ministry of Justice
2500 Eh the Hague, Netherlands
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This study examines the nature, effectiveness, and prospects of the social advocacy thrust of a segment of the legal profession in the Netherlands, an effort to mobilize the poor to reduce social inequality.
Abstract: In the early 1970's, a group of young 'radical' lawyers organized themselves as the Legal Aid Association (LAA). The LAA initiated bargaining between itself, the Bar Association, and the Ministry of Justice in an effort to create a nationwide network of neighborhood centers staffed by reformist lawyers employed by the state to provide a broad-based legal effort to upgrade the quality of life of the poor through legal advocacy. In 1974, the Ministry granted the request for funds to the Amsterdam Advocates' Collective, and five more collectives obtained state grants within the next 2 years. A survey of the types of cases taken by members of the collectives shows that relatively inexperienced advocates devote significantly more attention to criminal, labor, housing, and social insurance law, while the most experienced advocates prefer to focus on commercial and property law. Advocates working in small law firms tend to devote more attention to family law and debt collection. Those in the largest law firms focus on commercial law. While the original intent of the establishment of the collectives was to impact structural injustices and inequalities impacting the poor, this is proving to be an illusive strategy, as the form of services is taking the more traditional approach of solving the personal problems of clients. The experiment, however, appears on the way to becoming institutionalized as a means of broadening the base of legal services to the poor. The modified remuneration schemes being proposed are likely to facilitate this institutionalization. Twelve references are provided.
Index Term(s): Legal aid services; Netherlands
Note: Paper for the Seminar, Oxford University/RDC March 22-25, 1983
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