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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 90685 Find in a Library
Title: Readings in Social Defense (A Study of Crimes and Corrections in Indian Society)
Editor(s): N C Joshi; V B Bhatia
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 275
Sponsoring Agency: A H Wheeler and Co. Pty Ltd
Allanhabad 211001, India
Sale Source: A H Wheeler and Co. Pty Ltd
23 L B Shastri Marg
PO Box 82
Allanhabad 211001, India
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: Twenty-six papers by various experts in the field of social defense in India focus on social services, prostitution, juvenile delinquency, beggary, criminological research, and the prison system.
Abstract: Papers dealing with social services in India consider how the various social services have expanded over a period of years, the government's role in social welfare, and the need for social services to children so as to counter potentially criminogenic influences on their lives. Papers in the section on prostitution in India explore the environmental influences that tend to cause women to enter prostitution, social defense measures to help counter prostitution, the decriminalization of prostitution, and an historical analysis of prostitution in India. Papers dealing with juvenile delinquency focus on causes of delinquency, the orientation of the juvenile justice system toward rehabilitation and care rather than punishment, and methods for addressing the juvenile delinquency problem in India. The serious social problem of beggary is examined from a historical perspective to show its deep roots in Indian society, with particular attention to the city of Delhi. The section on crime studies contains papers on various kinds of crime and how they might be addressed in the Indian context, the mechanics of crime in India, and strategies for social defense. The concluding section, dealing with India's prison system, considers prison reform, problems in corrections and their solution, the abolition of capital punishment, criminogenic factors in the lives of a sample of inmates, and the relationship between the courts and probation officers. About 200 bibliographic entries are listed. For individual papers, see NCJ 90686-70.
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Foreign judicial systems; India; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Prostitution; Vagrancy
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