skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 90695 Find in a Library
Title: Thoughts on Prison Reforms (From Readings in Social Defense, P 193-205, 1981, Navin C Joshi and Ved B Bhatia, ed. - See NCJ-90685)
Author(s): S M Diaz
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: A H Wheeler and Co. Pty Ltd
Allanhabad 211001, India
Sale Source: A H Wheeler and Co. Pty Ltd
23 L B Shastri Marg
PO Box 82
Allanhabad 211001, India
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: Consideration of prison reform in India focuses on penological objectives, treatment in prisons, overcrowding and heterogeneity in prisons, prison buildings and environment, staffing, inmate classifications, inmate programs and services, and prerelease preparation and aftercare.
Abstract: Penal reform should be based in a commitment to the rehabilitation and resocialization of the offender. The environment, procedures, treatment processes, and staff of a correctional institution should be devoted to this end. The principal factor that prevents the shaping of the prison community as an effective instrument of treatment is the overcrowding in prisons and the concomitant heterogeneity of its population. Reform can begin with the prison infrastructure. Buildings and their surroundings should be spacious and reasonably comfortable with attractive and functional grounds. Considering the responsibility of prison personnel to provide treatment and effective custody, the existing staff are scarcely adequate in quality and number to do the job. Training geared to job responsibilities and inservice training are needed. There is also a need to diversify institutions to meet the varied needs of inmates based upon the scientific classification of inmates. The prison educational system is based on the adult education pattern and is operated in three grades: one for beginners, a second for primary level pupils, and the third for higher elementary or upper primary level students. The level of education should be upgraded and modern technology used in teaching methods. Reform is also needed in the provision of work therapy, the expanded use of open prisons and halfway houses, the provision of essential services to meet inmate physical needs, and prerelease preparation and aftercare.
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign correctional training; India; Inmate classification; Inmate Programs; Prerelease programs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.