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NCJ Number: 90800 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Victims of Armed Robbery
Journal: Revue de droit penal et de criminologie  Volume:61  Issue:6  Dated:(June 1981)  Pages:545-559
Author(s): H Manseau; A Normandeau
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Language: French
Country: Belgium
Annotation: A summary of victim studies conducted by a Canadian work group on armed robberies in Quebec describes the course of robberies, their impact, their causes, and measures taken to prevent them.
Abstract: The study was based on interviews with a random sample of male and female victims selected from 1979 files on robbery victims in Montreal and Quebec. Most victims were employees or owners of small businesses, or bank employees. In most cases, the robbery occurred rapidly: victims were usually alone (and offenders in pairs) and tended to comply automatically to the demands of the offenders. Victims generally wanted to cooperate with the police after the offense, but complained of the length of police questioning. Most victims were most troubled by their financial losses from the theft and were traumatized either temporarily or permanently by the fear and shock resulting from the incident. The severity of psychological effects varied widely. Most victims attributed the offenses to juveniles, naming such motives as poverty, umemployment, and indolence. Many victims were prompted to take security measures such as immediately depositing extra money and checks, installing alarm systems, installing one-way windows, and obtaining weapons, or in commercial establishments, hiring guards and installing cameras. Most victims reported having contact with the police (but not the courts): in general, victims' impressions of both police and courts were positive. The author argues that the recollections of victims should be compared with the findings of police to obtain an accurate picture of the offense and its effects. A selected bibliography is included.
Index Term(s): Armed robbery; Psychological victimization effects; Quebec; Victim attitudes
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