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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 91166 Find in a Library
Title: Suicide Prevention in Jails and Correctional Facilities (Seminar) (From National Conference on Medical Care and Health Services in Correctional Institutions, 3rd - Proceedings, P 177-182, 1979 - See NCJ-91157)
Author(s): R Johnson
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents and discusses the findings from interviews with 325 suicidal adolescent and adult prisoners in selected New York jails and prisons.
Abstract: The interview schedule called for the systematic reconstruction by each subject of the events, feelings, and concerns leading to the self-destructive act or acts. The material was content-analyzed using a typology developed to encompass the motives and meaning associated with suicidal conduct. The young offenders differed significantly from their adult counterparts on three major themes of the typology. Youths were disproportionately prone to (1) crisis that reflects the inability to maintain self-control and composure in solitary confinement, (2) crisis that signals a last ditch effort to revitalize waning social supports, and (3) crisis that marks the depletion of psychological resources in the face of social pressures and threats. Overall, the youths displayed distinctive patterns of psychological breakdown related to concrete coping tests posed in the prison environment as well as to self-esteem problems posed when imprisonment strains feelings of social competence and supportive personal relationships.
Index Term(s): Effects of imprisonment; Juvenile inmates; New York; Solitary confinement; Suicide; Suicidology
Note: Available on microfiche as NCJ-91157
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