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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 91228 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal History of the Male Psychopath - Some Preliminary Data (From Prospective Studies of Crime and Delinquency, P 225-236, 1983, Katherin T Van Dusen and Sarnoff A Mednick, ed. - See NCJ-91219)
Author(s): R D Hare; J W Jutai
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing,Boston
Hingham, MA 02043
Medical Research Council of Canada
Ottawa Ontario K1A 0W9, Canada
Grant Number: MT-4511
Sale Source: Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing,Boston
190 Old Derby Street
Hingham, MA 02043
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This longitudinal study of a sample of male offenders identifies psychopaths and compares their criminal careers to those of the nonpsychopaths.
Abstract: The data were obtained from the criminal records of several hundred predominantly white male criminals who participated in at least one of the psychophysiological studies in the series conducted from 1964-74 in Canada. Subjects were placed into three groups using Cleckley's criteria for diagnosing psychopathy: (1) inability to develop warm, lasting relations with others; (2) unstable, transient lifestyle; (3) inability to accept responsibility for persistent antisocial behavior; (4) absence of clinically significant intellectual or psychiatric symptoms; and (5) weak or unstable behavioral controls. The extreme groups were identified as group NP (nonpsychopaths; n=96) and group P (psychopaths; n=97). The mean age of first appearance in adult court was 18.1 for group P and 20.0 for group NP. The average length of time over which criminal history data were analyzed was 11.12 years. Group P received significantly more charges for theft, robbery, assault, possession of weapons, and escape and fewer charges for drug offenses than did group NP. Group P was generally about twice as versatile as group NP regarding criminal activity. Those in the NP group showed an early decline in criminal activity, while the criminal activity of the psychopaths continued to increase for at least 5 years after that of the NP group had begun to decline. Tabular and graphic data and 11 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Canada; Comparative analysis; Crime patterns; Longitudinal studies; Psychopaths
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