skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 91267 Find in a Library
Title: Measurement of Crime - An Appraisal, Volume 1
Author(s): J Van derWesthuizen
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 121
Sponsoring Agency: University of South Africa
Petoria, South Africa
Sale Source: University of South Africa
Institute for Criminology
P.O. Box 392
Petoria,
South Africa
Language: English
Country: South Africa
Annotation: The development of scales for quantitatively measuring crime seriousness can be aided by consideration of the concepts of criminalism and victimism, through which the respective contributions of the criminal and the victim emerge as a single measurable dimension.
Abstract: Together, these concepts constitute an interactive view of crime. In particular, the concept of victimism rests on the view that the victims unconsciously created the criminal climates in a particular situation through their actions, predispositions, heredity, personality, habits, belief, views, philosophy, character traits, and culture. Persons can thus be assigned a general victimistic propensity on the basis of their total interaction with the people around them and their inherited and acquired qualities. Victims can be classified into the following categories: defenseless victims, ostentatious victims, lascivious victims, avaricious victims, aimless victims, aggressive victims, negligent victims, occupationally vulnerable victims, victims who are affiliated with deviant groups, and chance victims. Discussions of several perspectives on the etiology of crime and the definition of crime and an analysis of approaches to measuring crime seriousness are included. Figures, chapter references lists, and subject and author indexes are included. For related material, see NCJ-91268.
Index Term(s): Crime seriousness measures; Victim crime precipitation; Victim-offender relationships
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=91267

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.