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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 91311 Find in a Library
Title: United Nations and Criminology (From International Handbook of Contemporary Developments in Criminology, Volume 1, P 63-81, 1983, Elmer H Johnson, ed. - See NCJ-91307)
Author(s): G O W Mueller
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Greenwood Publishing Group
Westport, CT 06881-5007
Sale Source: Greenwood Publishing Group
88 Post Road West
P.O. Box 5007
Westport, CT 06881-5007
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch of the United Nations conducts activities in six areas: information gathering and analysis, support for policymaking and planning, setting and implementing standards, research and development, technical assistance, and dissemination of information.
Abstract: The United Nations is analogous in many ways to State or national governments and has developed organizational bodies and procedures to deal with the fundamental transnational issues of which criminality is a symptom and with the problems of crime prevention and criminal justice. The Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch is small and relies on other services and units to accomplish its tasks. Its most ambitious worldwide information-gathering effort has been the world crime survey, which received responses from 67 governments. The survey revealed that developed countries have much higher crime rates than developing countries, but that crimes against the person from a much larger proportion of total crimes in developing countries than in developed countries. Although some countries are exceptions, for the world as a whole, progress in socioeconomic development increases the total crime rate. The United Nations has also studied corrections. Periodic surveys among member nations focus on three issues: the extent to which the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners are implemented, the prison population census, and capital punishment. The United Nations has a deeply practical interest in criminology and aims to help all nations deal with crime prevention in a humane and cost-beneficial manner. Notes, figures, and 12 references are included.
Index Term(s): Criminal justice research; Criminology; United Nations (UN)
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=91311

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