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NCJ Number: 91326 Find in a Library
Title: Britain (From International Handbook of Contemporary Developments in Criminology, Volume 2, P 79-105, 1983, Elmer H Johnson, ed. See NCJ-91322)
Author(s): R F Sparks
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: Greenwood Publishing Group
Westport, CT 06881-5007
Sale Source: Greenwood Publishing Group
88 Post Road West
P.O. Box 5007
Westport, CT 06881-5007
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An examination of the development of criminology in Great Britain since the end of World War II shows that the profession has expanded rapidly while the character of research and teaching has changed significantly from the immediate postwar years.
Abstract: The central element in the growth and change in criminology in Britain has been the support of criminological research by the Home Office under the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act of 1948. This support has produced a Government research organization -- the Home Office Research Unit -- as well as the funding of most of the research done in British universities. There has been an increasing recognition of the importance of research for policymaking in criminal justice. There has also been an awareness of the difficulties of conducting research in a university setting so that it will be applicable to criminal justice decisionmaking. Academically, British criminology remains predominantly eclectic, pragmatic, and multidisciplinary. It has no dominant intellectual orientation and is virtually unconcerned with explanatory theory. The hopes of the founder of the National Deviancy Conference that crime study might be brought nearer to the mainstream of sociology seem not to have materialized to any great degree. Seventy-eight notes and 14 bibliographic entries are provided.
Index Term(s): Criminology; Great Britain/United Kingdom
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