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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 91346 Find in a Library
Title: Nigeria (From International Handbook of Contemporary Developments in Criminology, Volume 2, P 473-493, 1983, Elmer H Johnson, ed. See NCJ-91322)
Author(s): O Kayode
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Greenwood Publishing Group
Westport, CT 06881-5007
Sale Source: Greenwood Publishing Group
88 Post Road West
P.O. Box 5007
Westport, CT 06881-5007
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper focuses on Nigeria's socioeconomic state, the incidence of crime from about 1945 to the present, and the development of criminology and its impact on social policy.
Abstract: Nigeria has been characterized by political instability and 14 years of military rule. The Nigerian economy, while growing tremendously within the last decade, has also suffered from inflation, economic hardship for most Nigerians. Five percent of the population controls about 40 percent of the gross income. Available crime data, which do not reflect the entire population indicate that after a steady increase in crime from 1947 to 1951, the crime rate fell until 1954, after which the rate fluctuated. Nigerian police have effective jurisdiction over only a fraction of the population and geographic area of the country, and police activities are generally sporadic and ineffective. Deterrence has a prominent place in Nigerian sentencing, with mandatory death sentences, severe punishment for specific offenses, and minimum sentences characterizing the criminal code. Systematic interest in criminological research is recent. Criminological research is restricted to part-time activity in universities. Twenty-five notes and 30 annotated bibliographic listings are provided.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Nigeria; Socioeconomic development
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