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NCJ Number: 91426 Find in a Library
Title: Youth in Adult Courts (From Research and the Serious Juvenile Offender, 1983, Tape 12 - See NCJ-91418)
Author(s): D Hamparian
Date Published: 1983
Sponsoring Agency: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Reno, NV 89507
Sale Source: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
P.O. Box 8970
Reno, NV 89507
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report on a nationwide study of transfers of juveniles to adult courts (1978) identifies the types of transfer mechanisms used, presents data on the types of juveniles transferred under each mechanism, reports on the dispositions in adult courts, and identifies the criteria generally used in deciding on transfers.
Abstract: The mechanisms for transfer identified were (1) judicial waiver, which involves a referral under the discretion of the juvenile court; (2) excluded-offenses legislation, which specifies that juveniles charged with certain offenses be automatically tried in adult court; (3) direct filing, which gives the prosecutor the discretion as to whether to bring charges in juvenile or adult court; and (4) legislation which lowers the age of jurisdiction for the criminal court (usually to the ages of 16 or 17). The data on the types of offenders referred to adult court in 1978 indicate that most had not committed serious offenses by any definition of such offenses. The sanctions given in adult court were generally more severe than those that would have been given in adult courts. Questions and answers following the presentation are included.
Index Term(s): Court statistics; Juvenile court waiver
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