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NCJ Number: 91734 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Historical and Current Trends in American Juvenile Justice
Journal: Juvenile and Family Court Journal  Volume:34  Issue:3  Dated:(August 1983)  Pages:61-75
Author(s): D Shichor
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study reviews the historical background of the development of juvenile justice, and the reasons for criticism against it; it then analyzes the changes which occurred in handling juvenile delinquents as a result of the critiques.
Abstract: The juvenile justice system was a product of the progressive era, reflecting the ideologies of child protectionism, delinquent rehabilitation through focus on the individual's background and personality characteristics, and social environmental positivism. The juvenile system created under these influences remained in effect until the latter half of the 20th century, when it began to draw both liberal and conservative criticism. While the former called for due process and sought to protect the rights of juveniles caught in the system, the latter insisted on the failure of rehabilitation and demanded harsher penalties for wrongdoers, considering juvenile justice system practices too lenient. As a consequence of these criticisms, policy changes have brought about such programing as the decriminalization of status offenders, diversion, victim restitution, deinstitutionalization and community treatment, behavior modification, and biosocial approaches to the treatment of delinquency. Because none of these have succeeded in dramatically reducing juvenile delinquency, a return to the rehabilitative ideal is foreseeable in the future. A total of 102 footnotes are given.
Index Term(s): Custody vs treatment conflict; History of criminal justice; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile justice system
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