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NCJ Number: 92190 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Efficiency in Corrections Agencies (From Evaluating Performance of Criminal Justice Agencies, P 265-300, 1983, Gordon P Whitaker and Charles D Phillips, ed. - See NCJ-92180)
Author(s): G A Grizzle; A D Witte
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 36
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 80-IJ-CX-0033
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study suggests a theoretical perspective for viewing a corrections agency performance, types of performance measures consistent with this perspective, and statistical models for interpreting performance, and the cost and production function approach is then developed in more detail as a method of measuring an agency's efficiency.
Abstract: Jones (1981) conceptualizes performance in a way that seems most useful in identifying the information that should be available when assessing corrections performance. Attention is drawn to the following issues: (1) what corrections agencies produce, (2) the benefits, (3) who benefits, (4) who pays, (5) the cost effectiveness of corrections agencies, and (6) how efficiently corrections agencies operate. This study focuses on the measurement and interpretation of a corrections agency's efficiency. Much of the effort of performance-measurement research during the past 20 years has focused on how to combine multiple measures into a single performance measure. Three such approaches are (1) multiattribute decision theory, which relies on weights for each attribute; (2) data envelopment analysis, which synthesizes from a set of efficient agencies a piece-wise linear extremal production function; and (3) cost and production functions, which use economic techniques to develop a single overall measure of effectiveness. Data envelopment analysis and production and cost function should be applied only to agencies having well-defined processes. These two types of analyses generally provide estimates of only the efficiency aspects of agency performance, while multiattribute decision theory allows the consideration of other aspects of agency performance, such as equity. Tabular and graphic data, 14 notes, and 51 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Corrections agencies; Efficiency; Evaluative research; Performance requirements; Research methods
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