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NCJ Number: 92239 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Overcrowding in the California Youth Authority - An Assessment of Causes and Effects
Corporate Author: California Dept of the Youth Authority
United States of America
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 176
Sponsoring Agency: California Dept of the Youth Authority
Sacramento, CA 95823
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report on the causes and effects of overcrowding in the California Youth Authority (YA) looks at various demographic, judicial, and correctional trends from 1976-1981 and discusses the effects of overcrowding on wards, staff, rehabilitative efforts, and correctional resources.
Abstract: Data for the study came from YA records, interviews with personnel, onsite visits, and existing studies and literature. YA institutions were examined as a whole, and six selected facilities were specifically highlighted. In 1981, the average daily population at YA's institutions surpassed the 5,000 mark, 27-percent higher than in 1976. The number of new admissions to YA increased nearly 15 percent between 1976 and 1981, and the average length of stay for institutionalized YA wards rose from a low of 10.9 months in 1977 to 13.1 months in 1981. Severely crowded conditions cause stress among wards and staff, strain YA's program resources, and reduce YA's rehabilitative effectiveness. Two viable means of reducing overcrowding are to reduce the lengths of institutional stay or to send fewer people to YA (by emphasizing alternatives to incarceration). Tables, footnotes, a glossary, and about 75 references are supplied. (Author summary modified)
Index Term(s): California; Correctional institutions (juvenile); Prison overcrowding
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