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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 92385 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Crime and Juvenile Justice in California - A Report to the Legislature
Author(s): P W Greenwood; A J Lipson; A Abrahamse; F Zimring
Corporate Author: Rand Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 183
Sponsoring Agency: California Assembly
Sacramento, CA 95814
Rand Corporation
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
Contract Number: LCB 17489
Publication Number: R-3016-CSA
Sale Source: Rand Corporation
1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Intended for California policymakers responsible for the continuing development of the State's juvenile justice system, this study analyzes the extent of serious juvenile crime, how the system deals with it, and how its response could be improved in the future.
Abstract: The study involved interviews with system practitioners, observation of current programs, analyses of arrest and case disposition data, and reviews of the juvenile justice and treatment literature. One of the principal conclusions is that the process of experimentation, evaluation, and reform in juvenile justice practices should be a continuing effort, because current knowledge about how to change the behavior of delinquent youths, or what the impacts are of various disposition practices on different types of youth, is too limited to predict the effects of reforms. Specific recommendations are that the legislature establish a continuing Juvenile Justice Commission and recognize punishment (along with treatment and incapacitation) as an appropriate justice system objective to be incorporated into prescriptive sentencing guidelines. The Commission should also develop systematic procedures to measure the cost and effectiveness of treatment programs and consider changes in treatment program funding to encourage innovation and competition. In general, the juvenile justice system should concern itself more with greater public protection from serious juvenile offenders while retaining the aim of salvaging delinquent minors. Footnotes, charts, and tabular data are provided. Additional study material is appended. The reference list contains approximately 60 entries. (Author summary modified)
Index Term(s): California; Determinate Sentencing; Juvenile justice planning; Juvenile justice system; Punishment
Note: Rand Publications Series.
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