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NCJ Number: 92456 Find in a Library
Title: Criminological Research in the Netherlands (From Crime and Justice - An Annual Review of Research, V 5, P 281-296, 1983, Michael Tonry and Norval Morris, eds. - See NCJ-92448)
Author(s): J Junger-Tas
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: University of Chicago Press
Chicago, IL 60637
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Focusing on the Netherlands, this essay describes the organization of government criminological research, particularly in the Ministry of Justice's research center, and reviews current research in universities and in government and the respective roles of each.
Abstract: The Ministry of Justice created its own research center in response to the need for scientifically based advice and recommendations that the universities could not or would not provide. The university establishment criticized the center, reorganized in 1974, claiming that the center was not independent and that the Ministry's need for policy relevant findings would produce scientifically weak research. Prompt publication of all research reports and the issuance of a press release upon study publication help to guarantee independence. The closeness of policymakers to researchers and the apprehension that government research will be theoretically and methodologically weak threatens the independence of government researchers. University funded research focuses on delinquency and deviant juvenile behavior and studies of a more theoretical or general nature. The Foundation for Pure and Fundamental Research funds a judicial and theoretical study of corporate crime and a historical study of the development of crime reporting in Dutch newspapers. Ministry of Justice research center research -descriptive/exploratory, evaluative, and action oriented -- includes an annual victims survey, a police training study, and crime prevention experiments. Important changes in the organization of research are needed to overcome the relative weakness of Dutch criminological institutes and the preponderance of government sponsored research in the Netherlands.
Index Term(s): Criminal justice research; Funding sources; Program financing; Research methods; Research programs; Research uses in policymaking
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